Racial contrasts; distinguishing traits of the Graeco-Latins

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One school of miniature painting is exemplified by such masterpieces as the Houghton Shah-nameh (completed in 1537), the Jami Haft awrang (1556–1665), or the illustrations to stories from Hafez which have not been identified in detail. According to GEOCARBSULF, oxygen levels rose in the Cretaceous and reached nearly modern levels by the end.� But anoxic events also dotted the Cretaceous, probably related to rising sea levels.� The largest bivalve ever lived in the Cretaceous and reached three meters in length.� It was a deep-water species that probably formed symbiotic relationships with chemosynthetic organisms, along with those other low-oxygen Mesozoic bivalves, and it went extinct as oxygen levels rose in the atmosphere and probably also in the seas. [368] � When sea levels ri se as dramatically as they did in the Cretaceous, coral reefs will be buried under rising waters and the ideal position, for both photosynthesis and oxygenation, is lost, and reefs can die, like burying a tree�s roots.� About 125 m ya, reefs made by rudist bivalves, which thrived on carbonate hardgrounds, began to displace reefs made by stony corals.� They may have prevailed because they could tolerate hot and saline waters better than stony corals could.� About 11 6 mya, an extinction event happened, probably caused by volcanism, which temporarily halted rudist domination.� But rudists flourished until the late Cretaceous, when they went extinct, perhaps due to changing climate, although there is also evidence that the rudists did not go extinct until the end-Cretaceous event .� Carbon dioxide levels steadily fell from the early Cretaceous until today, temperatures fell during the Cretaceous, and hot-climate organisms gradually became extinct during the Cretaceous.� Around 9 3 mya, another anoxic event happened, perhaps caused by underwater volcanism, which again seems to have largely been confined to marine biomes.� It was much more devastating than the previous one, and rudists were hit hard, although it was a more regional event.� That event seems to have nearly spelled the end of ichthyosaurs, and a family of competing plesiosaurs also went extinct .� On land, spinosaurs, some of which seem to have specialized in eating fish, also went extinct.� There had been a decline in sauropod and ornithischian diversity before that 93 mya extinction, but it subsequently rebounded.� In the oceans, biomes beyond 60 degrees latitude were barely impacted, while those closer to the equator were devastated, which suggests that oceanic cooling was related. [369] � GEOCARBSULF shows rising oxygen and declining carbon dioxide in the late Cretaceous, which reflected a general cooling trend that began in the mid-Cretaceous.� Among the numerous hypotheses posited, late Cretaceous climate changes have been invoked for slowly driving dinosaurs to extinction, in the �they went out with a whimper, not a bang� scenario.� However, it seems that dinosaurs did go out with a bang.� A big one.� Ammonoids seem to have been brought to the brink with nearly all marine mass extinctions during their tenure on Earth, and it was no different with that late-Cretaceous extinction.� Ammonoids recovered once again, and their largest species ever lived in the late Cretaceous, but the end-Cretaceous extinction marked their final appearance as they went the way of trilobites and other iconic animals.

Over the Edge of the World: Magellan's Terrifying

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Thought and language are intimately connected. Anyone with a good idea and sound execution can succeed in selling products. It may be that Do a Rita had given her a glimpse of the unavoidable end, and that the girl's tarnished eyes masked a certain amount of apprehensive, helpless desolation. gre is another curious question. However there is just as much chance that the Indus River Valley Civilization was the source of the civilization of Dilmun.

Visions of Europe: Conversations on the Legacy and Future of

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One of Versoy's beautiful prose vignettes in a great daily that has a literary column. In more primitive and creative ages, Zorba would have been the chief of a tribe. Chilean graphic arts have been dominated by paintings. Historians there recorded every detail of the daily life and the policies of the Mamluk sultans; theologians and philologists worked under the patronage of Turkish and Circassian rulers who often did not speak a word of Arabic.

My Urchin Empress

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In fact, during their most prosper centuries (250- 900 C. As to him whom we may regard as Mills' victim it is obvious that he has never harboured a single reproachful thought. I remember trying to hide my bare feet under the edge of my skirt as I sat below him on the ground. ``_C'est comique, eh!_'' she interrupted herself to comment in a melancholy tone. It reached broadly from the Nile Delta in the north, as far south as Jebel Barkal at the Fourth Cataract of the Nile. She was a terrible old woman with those straight, white wolfish eyebrows.

The Homer Code: Unlocking the Mysteries at the Core of

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By the later Iron Age ( La Tène period), Celts had expanded over wide range of lands: as far west as Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula, as far east as Galatia (central Anatolia ), and as far north as Scotland. [198] By the early centuries AD, following the expansion of the Roman Empire and the Great Migrations of Germanic peoples, Celtic culture had become restricted to the British Isles ( Insular Celtic ), with the Continental Celtic languages extinct by the mid-1st millennium AD.

Summer of the Suffragists

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In a broader sense, the Middle Ages, with its fertile encounter between Greek philosophical reasoning and Levantine monotheism was not confined to the West but also stretched into the old East. The second was Crassus; he was a wealthy noble with a lot of ambition and was very ruthless. Although it is not possible to generalize with any degree of certainty, two patterns seem to emerge. Ibn al-Muqaffa‘, of Persian origin, translated the fables of Bidpai into Arabic under the title Kalilah wa Dimnah.

The History of Ancient Rome: Book I: The Period Anterior to

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Its master, however, was al-Hariri, postmaster (head of the intelligence service) at Basra and an accomplished writer on grammatical subjects. There are a wide variety of differences between the Chinese and Western cultures forms of art and literature. The chief of the Pashtun tribe of Khatak, Khushhal Khan, rightly deserves to be called the “father” of Pashto poetry, for he virtually created a literature of his own in his mother tongue. The knowledge of its origin, the contempt of Captain Blunt's references to it, with Therese's shocked dislike of the dummy, invested that summary reproduction with a sort of charm, gave me a faint and miserable illusion of the original, less artificial than a photograph, less precise, too.. ..

The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from

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They are known for their written language, art, mathematical system and astronomical system. Each student should individually complete a graphic organizer (sample below) based on his/her own research. One poorly attested but intriguing early Archaic league was the “ Calaurian Amphictyony ” (an amphictyony was a religious league of “dwellers round about”). But it conveys its knowledge with a winking wit that aptly captures the sensibility of the unsung Irish who relaunched civilization.

Worlds Together, Worlds Apart: A History of the World: From

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Abou t 1000 BCE, one of the largest migrations in the human journey, the Bantu Expansion, began, and it expanded because of the Bantus' use of iron and agriculture, and they displaced or absorbed hunter-gatherers as they expanded across sub-Saharan Africa.� In a dynamic too common in human history, invading men mated with women of the invaded; mitochondrial DNA studies provide evidence of this. [724] � Equat orial rainforests never produced civilizations, whether it was South America, Africa, or Oceania.� All three rainforests were penetrated by agricultural humans late, were sparsely populated, and settlements rarely if ever extended far past the riverbanks. [725] � However, New Guinea was an exception, and may be an independently developed agriculture, which was based on bananas, taro, sugarcane, and yams, primarily within the past six millennia. [726] � But their highlander altitude made it different from the typical tropical rainforest.� The banana was domesticated there as many at 10 kya. �New Guinea's Highlanders lived in isolation from the rest of the world until the 20th century.� But nothing that could be called an urban environment ever developed in Oceania or the African and South American rainforests.� They were always villages at most, although parts of Amazonia that were likely influenced by Andean civilizations had connected villages, and some could have been called towns, which reflected a kind of urban planning.

Nonzero: History, Evolution & Human Cooperation

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Class differences are first of all expressed in the strong spatial segregation existing in large Chilean cities. Tell me something of what you heard from the lips of that aristocratic old lady who thinks that all men are equal and entitled to the pursuit of happiness.'' ``I hardly remember now. Today a statue of Tecun Uman stands at the entrance to Quetzaltenango, fiercely guarding the road climbed by the Spaniards into the Guatemalan highlands, where their conquest of the Maya began.